Arhaeological collection

Julka Kuzmanovic - Cvetkovic,
museum counselor, archaeologist


The archaeological collection of the National Museum of Toplica includes over 2000 items. Within the exhibit 'Archaeological sites of Toplica' there are 451 objects and photographs that depict the archaeological map of Prokuplje municipality. According to what we've discovered so far, Toplica was inhabited in the Neolithic. There are traces of the Early Neolithic on the slopes of Jastrebac, and the most significant site of the Late Neolithic is Plocnik, which we've been exploring for many years, and from which many of our objects originate, including baked earth bowls, stone and bone tools, baked earth statuettes and other items.
What sets Plocnik apart from other sites from that period (5.500-4.800 B.C.) is about fifty discovered copper objects, which indicates that copper ore was processed here.
Image
Goddess' head from Plocnik - The Neolithic
A statuette from Macina - The Neolithic
There are two discovered necropoles in Gornja Strazava and Donja Toponica that date from the Iron age. The urns in which people were buried, weapons and jewelry testify about the material culture of that time.
Image
An urn from Donja Toponica - The Iron age
Image
A silver fibula from Donja Toponica - The Iron age
Image
Greek hoplite weapon from Donja Toponica - The Iron age

During the Roman domination in these parts, starting from A.D, several stations appeared in Toplica along the road Naissus - Lissus, as well as a fortified settlement Hameum in Prokuplje, and a large number of civil settlements. The most important part of the Antics collection is definitely the jewelry discovered in Nova Bozurna.

Image
A silver spoon from Nova Bozurna, III and IV century
Image
A silver circural shackle with heart shaped attachments from Nova Bozurna, II and IV century
Image
A silver patera from Nova Bourna, II and IV century
Image
A silver pot from Nova Bozurna

During the excavation of the Temple of Hercules in Prokuplje, many items were discovered inside the tombs and within the building, including some coins, bowls and marble statuettes that only give us a small glimpse of how rich the temple was decorated.
In our collection there is a sword from the Great Migration period, discovered unintentionally in the town itself, with golden and almandin decoration.

Image
Hercules' torso from Prokuplje, I and II century
Image
Icon of Mithra from Dzigolj, IV century
Image
Mosaic from Zlata
Image
Gepid sword - Prokuplje
In the VI century, several fortifications were built in Toplica, mostly for the purpose of controlling the exploitation of ore, plaster stone or other natural resources. Fortifications in Bregovina, Babotinac and Rgaje are partly explored, but there is a significant number of forts that were recorded only recently, with a large number of unintentional findings - mostly baked earth bowls, iron tools and objects for everyday use. At every fort there are traces of Slav tribes that lived there, mostly shards of ceramic bowls with distinctive decoration.
Image
A brace from Babotinac
Image
Coin from Babotinac
Image
Blacksmith pliers from Miljkovica
Image
A bowl from Bregovina
Image
Two-way pick from Zlata
One trace of Slavic tribes is a necropolis in Donja Toponica - jewelry and dishes found in tombs tell us a lot about the material and spiritual culture of XI century.
Image
Bracelets from Donja Toponica
Image
Jewelry from a children's grave - Donja Toponica

Toplica was densely populated during the Middle ages, and the remains of fortified settlements and churches stand as a proof of that. The town in Prokuplje had been built on a hill encircled by Toplica from three sides, and it was rebuilt in XIV century. At the base of the hill there was a church built in X century, where the remains of st. Procopius were brought in XIV century, and after which both the church and town got their name.

Close by, there is also a small church dedicated to the Madonna, popularly known as the church of Jug Bogdan or Latin church, built on the remains of the Temple of Hercules. During the exploration of the medieval fort on Hisar hill in Prokuplje, there was a significant number of findings including objects for everyday use, dishes, tools for wood and leather processing, and these items are a large part of the archaeological collection.

Image
Dishes from the Hisar fort
Image
A jug from Hisar
Image
Tools for leather processing - Hisar
Image
A wooden icon from Merovac - XVI/XVII century

Народни Музеј Топлице

Народни музеј Топлице oснован је 1946. год. у старом здању и адаптираном простору зграде на Хисару (задужбина бившег министра здравља лекара Алексе Савића).
Музеј је 1962. године пресељен у зграду бивше поште у улици Ратка Павловића. Зграда је и данас споменик културе под заштитом државе.

Kонтакт

Народни музеј Топлице

Ратка Павловића 31
18400 Прокупље,
Телефон: 027/321-694
Факс: 027/322-151
Е-пошта: muzejtoplice@gmail.com
© {2018} National Museum of Toplica. All rights reserved. Desing by Vojkan Okičić

Search

Pretraga